Whether Diesel or gasoline: an engine wants to be serviced regularly so that it functions smoothly for a long time. If maintenance is careless, the engine may cause problems over time. In the worst case, it reacts with a defect – but you can easily prevent this!
Fewer Problems Due to Good Maintenance
Overloading reduces the life of the engine. Constant high-speed driving heavily loads the components. Don’t let this happen. Check with your manufacturer about the necessary measures and the appropriate maintenance intervals.
Do not overload the engine while driving. The most important maintenance measures for four-stroke engines consist of changing the oil and changing the timing belt. Furthermore, seals, valves or cylinders can cause problems.
Diesel engines differ only in small Details from petrol engines. For example, if you use your Diesel for the most part for short distances, you should change the oil more frequently. A change interval of 10,000 km is recommended instead of the present 15,000 km for some vehicles.
In the case of a petrol engine, the spark plugs must be replaced at regular intervals. An interval of 100,000 km is recommended. Diesel engines have no spark plugs. They needed glow plugs to Start. These must only be replaced if there is a defect.
Carry out the Oil Change Regularly
Vehicles that are not driven by a two-stroke engine or an electric motor require oil to lubricate the engine. This is just as important for petrol engines as for diesel engines. The oil is in a tub under the engine and must be replaced.
A change of engine oil is necessary for gasoline and diesel engines. It costs between 50 and 250 euros.
The change intervals are prescribed by the manufacturer and are between 15,000 and 30,000 kilometers. If you drive your vehicle rarely and do not reach the minimum performance within a year, you should change the engine oil once a year.
Do the change yourself if you are familiar with and have the opportunity to properly intercept and dispose of the engine oil. Large engines can hold up to eight liters of engine oil!
If the engine of your vehicle consumes oil, this is not fixed with an oil change. Have a specialist workshop to find out the cause. For smooth operation, refill oil. Insert it into the oil filler neck of the engine. This is indicated by the oil sump, which is printed on the opening.
If you neglect the oil change, the engine will not be properly lubricated. As a result, he runs uneasy and can begin to burn oil. Wear of the Pistons increases. The engine oil is consumed by running the Motor.
Pay Attention to the Timing Belt
Both petrol and diesel engines are equipped with a timing belt. Due to its design, it has a limited service life. Thereafter, a change is required. When you have to make this change is different. You can obtain information about the replacement intervals of the different models from your dealer. For most vehicles, the change intervals range from 60,000 to 120,000 kilometers.
Do not change the timing belt at the specified intervals, it may tear or run out. This means that the teeth wear out. The timing belt slips away. In most cases, both cause engine damage.
Changing the timing belt involves changing the water pump. Both parts are connected to each other on most vehicles.
In the workshop, depending on the model, changing the toothed belt costs between 250 and 600 euros.
Larger engines, such as V6, are often equipped with a timing chain. In these vehicles, the timing belt change is not necessary. The timing chain is usually maintenance-free. Sometimes it needs to be tightened with a chain tensioner.
Detect and Eliminate Weak Points on the Motor
Especially in older motors, there are problems with the seals. This is indicated by the fact that the Motor is wet. It is possible to change seals.
If the engine starts to rattle, this can have many causes.
The Pistons or the valves can have a play. To find out the cause, it is necessary to visit a specialist workshop. You pay attention to engine noise and the messages of the on-Board information system. Respond promptly to reports to prevent damage in a good time.
If problems are detected by the manufacturer in an entire series of vehicles, a recall occurs. Such recall actions also affect renowned manufacturers such as Mercedes, Audi or BMW. As a vehicle owner, you can find out in the press.
Often you get a Letter from the manufacturer. Frequent problems without a recall at many vehicle owners, there is a repair at Goodwill. This was the case, for example, with VW TSI engines, which had problems with the timing chain.